IS THE UNIVERSE BASED ON HAZARDS ?
HEISENBERG, Werner : Professor of Physiques, Universität of Leipzig, Germany
Professional literature : "The Uncertainty paper",
(W.Zeitschrift für Physik, 43, 172 - 198)
REPORT : ( partial extracts from the above mentioned reference of the American Institute of Physics edited by David Cassidy, selected by F. Jansen)
The uncertainty principle of HEINSENBERG is the basis of the philosophical interpretation that the universe is based on an absolute hazard. The uncertainty principle was published in 1927 and showed that in quantum mechanics the precision of measurements is limited, when two properties are measured at the same time, such as momentum and position or energy and time. “The more precisely the position is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known”, and vice versa. “In the most extreme case, absolute precision of one variable would entail absolute imprecision regarding the other” Heisenberg declared, “one cannot know the precise position and momentum of a particle at a given instant, so its future cannot be determined” therefore only probabilities of each motion can be calculated. “The path (of a particle) comes into existence only when we observe it” (uncertainty paper 1927). “Such concepts as orbits of electrons do not exist in nature unless and until we observe them”. (a)
HEISENBERG concluded that the mutual uncertainties in position and momentum really do exist. They are not the fault of the experimenter or the apparatus. They are a fundamental consequence of the quantum equations, built into every experiment in which quantum mechanics comes onto play.